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General surgery is the surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of diseases of multiple organ systems. A general surgeon is a specialist prepared to manage a broad spectrum of surgical conditions affecting almost any area of the body. The surgeon establishes the diagnosis and provides the preoperative, operative, and postoperative care to surgical patients and is usually responsible for the comprehensive management of the trauma victim and the critically ill. During at least a five-year educational period after obtaining a medical degree, the surgeon has acquired knowledge and technical skills in congenital, infectious, metabolic, and neoplastic problems relating to the head and neck, breast, abdomen, extremities, and the gastrointestinal, vascular, and endocrine systems. A general surgeon is expected to be familiar with the key features of other surgical specialties in order to recognize problems in those areas and to know when to refer a patient to a specialist.
Commonly Treated Diseases
- Abdominal trauma
- Inflammation and stones of the gallbladder
- Inguinal hernia
- Tumors of the intestines/colon and breast
- Breast lumpectomy
- Hernia repair
- Laparoscopic procedures
Laparoscopy is any procedure that uses a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a thin tube attached to a light source and camera. The goal of using a laparoscope is to find the cause of a problem and repair or remove it with minimal incisions. This results in a less invasive procedure leading to a shorter recovery period.