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The 5 B’s of Children’s First Aid

November 28, 2016
Published in: Children, First Aid

Sliding into a base playing kids baseball

As parents, you're expected to be experts in more areas than ever before. Not only do you need to be able to help with math homework, teach them how to throw a curve ball, feed them a healthy (and tasty!) diet, and even play the role of doctor when they hurt themselves.

While we may not be able to teach you advanced calculus or how to throw the perfect curve ball, we wanted to share with you not only what you should do when you're tasked with tending to the inevitable bumps and bruises your little ones will encounter, but also the things you should avoid to prevent making things worse. Lucky for you, if you can remember how to treat the 5 B's of Children's First-Aid then you're well on your way to raising happy, healthy children!

BurnsKnowing how to perform basic first-aid is an invaluable skill when raising your children.

There are a lot of misconceptions when it comes to treating burns and its important you take the right steps to sooth your child's pain.

First – do not put any butter or any ointment on a burn. Butter offers no beneficial affects but it may introduce an environment perfect for bacteria to grow.

Second – do not apply ice directly to a burn. If using ice you should be very careful to add some sort of compress between the ice and the burn such as a washcloth to prevent additional burning from the ice itself.

The ideal treatment for a burn is to simply run cool water from a faucet or hose over the burn area until the heat has dissipated (being careful to use low pressure). If any blistering occurs then you should make plans to visit one of our Urgent Care or Primary Care facilities, depending on the severity.

Bee Stings

Bee stings can vary greatly in their severity so you need to make sure to treat them appropriately. Despite what you may have learned when you were younger, you should not attempt to push a stinger as this can cause the venom to spread deeper beneath your child's skin.

Grab an ice pack and apply it to the area where stung. This will cause their blood vessels to restrict shutting down the blood flow to the affected area, preventing the spread of the bee's venom so your child's immune system can begin to attack the venom. Keep a close eye on the sting, especially if this is the first time your child has been stung. If they experience any sort of violent reaction, you should bring them to one of our Urgent Care facilities or Emergency Room immediately for treatment.

BruisesYoung girl playing on playground equipment

Bruises are unavoidable, especially in a house full of kids. When your little one picks up a bad bruise, it's best not to break out a raw steak. Much like putting butter on a burn, this opens the bruise up to infection while adding no medical benefit.

Try an ice pack wrapped in a washcloth. Cooling the area will reduce the swelling and the resulting bruising.

Bloody Noses

Remember when you were a kid and your parents told you to hold you head back when you had a nose bleed? Turns out, you were actually making your bloody nose worse! By holding your head back your blood is more likely to drain back into your throat which can cause you to choke, making your bloody nose worse and may even cause you to vomit.

Have your child tilt their head forward, pinch the base of their nostrils, and apply pressure without releasing for 10 minutes.

If you've tried the steps above twice and the nose is still continuing to bleed then you should consult a doctor for further medical advice.

Broken Bones

If your child is injured badly enough that you believe they may have broken a bone then you should immediately seek medical attention.

During the interim, you can attempt to put together a makeshift splint by keeping the injured limb in the position you find it, carefully placing padding around the injured part, placing a firm object parallel to the injured bone extending beyond both ends of the actual injury where you believe the break took place, and securing the firm object to the injured bone by carefully wrapping an object like an ace bandage around the ends to prevent the injured bone from moving.

While we hope you never encounter an injury you can't easily treat with the basic first-aid lessons we've provided you here, Augusta Health is here for you in the unfortunate event that a bigger injury does occur. Whether it be through one of our Primary Care physicians, Urgent Care centers, or our Emergency Room, we're ready to help whenever you may need it.